Alternative 1: The entire world
Here are some Bible verses that say that Jesus is the Savior of the whole world.
The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him and said, “Look, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world! (Jhn 1:29).
It is he who is the atoning sacrifice for our sins, and not for ours only, but also for the whole world’s. (1 Jhn 2:2)
who desires [θέλω thelō Strong’s 2309 1. to be resolved or determined, to purpose] all men to be delivered and to come to a full knowledge of truth. (1Tim. 2:4).
1 Tim 4:10 To this end we work hard and struggle because we have set our hope on the living God, who is the Savior of all people, that is, of those who believe.
According to verse 4:10, God is the Savior of all men, especially of believers. Does Jesus indeed save ALL MEN, however sinners they maybe? The verse can also be interpreted so that the believers will naturally get salvation and all people in the world have the same chance (if only they believe).
God is the Savior of believers, it is clear. Is God REALLY the savior of ALL PEOPLE? Everyone? OK, God says this way, but could it be possible for all, just every person, to get rid of their sins – whether they want or not? 1 Cor speaks of the cleansing fire that brings purification of sins. Not for everyone, but for those who have built their ‘house’ at least to some extent on the foundation of Christ.
Tit 1:10 For there are many people who are rebellious, especially those who are converts from Judaism [Lit. those of the circumcision]. They speak utter nonsense and deceive people.
Rebellious men can be found among all kinds of people, but especially … If this is compared to 1 Tim 4: 9-10, which speaks of the salvation of God, and especially whether it concerns all (every one of us), or it concerns especially believers, but also others. There are three possible interpretations: 1) Salvation applies only to believers 2) Salvation applies especially to believers, but equally to others 3) Salvation is without any doubt for the believers but also for others “under certain conditions”.
In fact, I am inclined to the third option. I think it means this: Salvation applies to all people who at least, at some stage of their lives have built their faith in Christ, but especially for the true believers. This is on the condition that the content of the gospel has been comprehensively communicated to those people. Then the responsibility for salvation is transferred to the listener. He can believe or not.
Such a person can be saved who has never even heard of Christ, as long as the acts of the law are in his heart. Rom 2:14 For whenever Gentiles, who do not possess the law, do instinctively what the law requires, they are a law to themselves, even though they do not have the law. 15 They show that what the law requires is written in their hearts, a fact to which their own consciences testify, and their thoughts will either accuse or excuse 16 on that day when God, through Jesus Christ, will judge people’s secrets according to my gospel.
What if people do not believe that God wants to have them saved? What if they have never heard of God Jehovah? God could, if he wanted to, bring himself and his will know to all people! But only a small part of the large crowd of billions of people even knows the God Jehovah. Even those who know God, few know his will.
But people do not obey God’s will! If a person believes his sins can be forgiven on the basis of Jesus’ redemption sacrifice, and repents his evil deeds, he will be saved and will not suffer the second death in the final judgment. What if people do not even realize that they have committed sin? For humans, both for the theologians and word listeners, it is clear that a sinner not repenting will be subject to eternal pain in the lake of fire, that is, to experience the so-called second death. This is perfectly clear in the Bible and is told many times. Or is it?
You must want the salvation. Rev 22:17 The Spirit and the bride say, “Come!” Let every one who hears this say, “Come!” Let everyone who is thirsty come! Let anyone who wants the water of life take it as a gift!
Jer 29:13 says: And you shall seek and find me when you search for me with all your heart. Heb 11:6 without faith it is impossible to please God, for the one who comes to him must believe that he exists and that he rewards [with eternal life] those who diligently search for him. Jhn 12:32 As for me, if I am lifted up from the earth [after resurrection], I will draw all people to myself.
The verse above shows that everyone is offered salvation. Salvation does not require much, but something important; man will be saved IF he only wants to take the free ‘water of life’ or ‘step by the door’, which is Christ. You need to want to become saved. Jer 29:13 promises that you will find Christ when you search for him with all your heart. You have to do something to achieve it. The matter can be turned the other way; if you do not do so – step in the door of Christ or drink water for free – you will not be saved. Heb 11:6 And without faith it is impossible to please him, for he who comes to God must believe that he is and that he is a rewarder [with eternal life] of those who seek him. It is easy to find Christ because he is drawing all men to himself (Jhn 12:32).
Alternative 2: All the believers in the world
Jhn 3:16 For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish, but have eternal life.
Instead of Jesus taking away the sins of men throughout the world and bringing them to salvation, John 3:16 explaining God’s promise says: For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish, but have eternal life. When the above verses stated that the whole world might be saved (universalistic interpretation: the whole world and all its people), then according to John 3:16 salvation requires that a person believes in Jesus!
If there are verses that interpret the people of the whole world to become saved and received eternal life, then there are verses in the Bible which testify that salvation is conditional. Such is one of the most famous verses in the Bible, John 3:16: Everyone who believes in Jesus Christ will be saved. I checked what Strong’s say: πιστεύω pisteúō; from G4102 to have faith (in, upon, or with respect to, a person or thing), i.e. credit; by implication, to entrust (especially one’s spiritual well-being to Christ): —believe(-r), commit (to trust), put in trust with.
Could it be possible that there is a contradiction in the Bible, verses that are against each other? The starting point is that the Bible cannot be contradictory to itself. So if there are verses that seem to be opposing, how do we resolve the interpretation problem? Which one is the right one? In this case, does Christ really save all people in the world, or only those who believe in Him and call on his name for help? This is what I have to think about and study with the progress of my writing. Now I would like to say from the example above that the solution could be this: All people in the world are saved, but punishment for ungodly sinners is long and harsh, but not endless.
It is said in Jhn 3:16: … “whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life”. Here is a definite condition and requirement. Salvation and the enjoyment of eternal life requires faith. According to this, not everyone will be saved. What about 1 Jhn 2:2, which says: he who is the atoning sacrifice for our sins and he himself is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for those of the whole world. – This could also be interpreted so that Jesus has reconciled the sins of human beings all over the world, and so they all are saved. However, the verse can be interpreted so that Christ has reconciled all sins and all can be saved if they only believe that Christ has done so for them.
According to another example of the Bible, “God wants all people to be saved”. Does not God’s will happen if only part of the people are saved? This is not the question of God being able to rescue every human being, though by force as Paul was converted. I believe that God makes salvation to all people as easy as possible. The world is tempted by the scourges of heaven and every person has many opportunities to shout for the one word needed to be saved – Jesus (or Jehovah) on the day of the wrath of the Lord.
To get to the bottom of which one interpretation is correct, I will examine what is the word used when the Bible speaks of God’s will.
The word is θέλω (THELÒ) Strong’s G2309 and it occurs 212 times in NT. Strong’s describes it: to be resolved or determined, to purpose, but also; to desire, to wish. The difficulty of translating is illustrated by how differently, for example, 1 Tim 2:4 has been translated. Is the salvation of all mankind the true will of God or should it be translated “God says It would be nice if all people were saved”? When studying the 200 plus verses where θέλω is used, most of them are about real intent.
Another example: Luke 18:41, where the blind man asked Jesus for help, and Jesus answered: What do you want me to do for you? And he [the blind] said: Lord, I want to regain my sight! – Who doubts the blind man’s will to get his sight back?
What happens when God wants to? Isaiah answers: 46:10-11 “… My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure; … I have spoken, I will also bring it to pass; I have purposed it, I will also do it. – If God assures that he will do according to his will, i.e. to save ALL PEOPLE, then the question is: how can it happen when the Bible requires faith to achieve salvation? Well, the people who believe will be saved because of their faith (they are cleansed by the fire of God) and the unbelievers will be saved, because God will force them to know their sinful deeds and repent (as happened to Saul, later called Paul). The fire of the latter group may be much stricter and longer than the first group. I can imagine how A. Hitler and J. Stalin hold each other by their hands and howl, praying for mercy in the fire of God, when they are being scorched SPIRITUALLY.
Salvation is the people with regard to the main event, even if very few people think about it during their lifetime. This issue has been central to God ever since the creation of man, so it is not the same whether God wants or just “desires”.
According to the Bible, in the final judgment, people are divided into two groups; those whose names are written in the Book of Life will receive LIFE, while others whose names are not in the book, shall be condemned. There may be a variety of judgments, punishments of varying lengths in “lake of fire”. In the last chapter, I will study this punishment more closely. Is it just a perpetual punishment and whether a fiery lake is a concrete or figurative expression. Has the salvation been lost forever for those who are thrown in the lake?
Rom 8:20-21 because the creation was subjected to frustration, though not by its own choice. The one who subjected it did so in the hope that also the creation will be freed from the slavery of corruption to the freedom of the glory of the children of God.
God is here to announce that [the whole] creation is against its will subjected to futility, but will be delivered from the bondage of corruption, ie sin to the glory of the children of God. But, most of humanity should be condemned for their sins and to be punished and suffer forever in the fiery lake forever? The Letter to the Romans promises hope to mankind, but in many places of the Bible, it is instead promised damnation, gnashing of the teeth, eternal separation from the glory of God, etc.
So, God created men, and he subjugated them under ‘corruption’. Older English translations such as the KJV use the word vanity, which could be described as not only vanity, also seeking only their own interests and walking according to the course of this world. God also ensured that among the people there are righteous people who are his chosen ones.
Now I come to this important conclusion: For some, he gave plenty of faith and for others less, to each one according to His own discretion. This means that God made in his wisdom an important dichotomy in His creation. For the sake of salvation, people go from a different starting point to compete for the prize of eternal life. However, I am that God corrects the situation with the final judgment and provides an opportunity for easy salvation. We know from the Bible that to reach salvation it is enough to shout just one word: Jesus!
Part 2: Can it be true that all will be saved?
- The first five hundred years when universalism was generally accepted
- How have I dealt with universalism in my writings?
- Are the teachings of the denominations based on misinterpretations of the Bible?
- Bible verses to support the salvation of all
- God wants everyone to be saved
- Everyone can be saved if…
- What is our God like?
- God will do all his will
- Christ can convert sinners forcibly
- The fire of God
- Jesus draws all people to himself
- God is calling
- God promised Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob that all families would be blessed in them.
- Salvation requires faith in Christ
- What if a person has no faith
- What if everyone is not saved?
- For what or for whom did Jesus come into the world?
- The eternity of the Bible does not mean infinite time
- What do the words “aiōn” and “αἰώνιος” mean?
- Death is the last to be defeated
- FINAL CONCLUSIONS
Could it be possible that all people would eventually be saved? Some immediately, others later. This I have thought about for years. I have always relied on the word of the Bible. In many places, the word of the Bible is ambiguous. I still do not understand everything, but even so much that I think it is appropriate to write a new article on this question: will all people be saved in the end?
I think I have found new information, which is why I believe it is appropriate to write a new article on this question: will all people be saved in the end? I test the problem by giving a few names, such as Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin, who murdered millions of people and showed no remorse. It is good to realize that during the first centuries, Universalism was generally accepted, unlike the following thousand and five hundred years.
I can say with certainty that the current translations of the Bible are wrong as to salvation and especially eternal punishment; erroneous beliefs have been caused even by a deliberate attempt to control the members of the Church, intimidating them with the eternal fire of hell.
The first five hundred years when universalism was generally accepted 
The first four, or five centuries, were a different time for Christian doctrine than the centuries that followed. During the first century, the early Christians did not emphasize eschatology (doctrine of the events of the end times) but paid attention to apologetics (defending Christianity); they were eager to find out the details of Christ’s second coming and its blessings to the world.
Clement declares that all punishments, no matter how severe, are purifying, that even “the sufferings of the cursed” are healing. What does Gehenna mean in the Bible? Origen even explains that Gehenna means limited and healing punishment. Like many other ancient universalists, the “eternal” (aionion) punishment is in harmony with the universal salvation of all. Some early Christians, who did not so clearly state their opinion, advocated endless punishment in their teachings.
Like our Lord and his Apostles, the early Christians avoided the words with which the Gentiles and Jews defined the endless punishment: aidios or adialeipton timoria (endless suffering). The early Christians, called punishment, as did our Lord, kolasis aionios, discipline, chastisement, of indefinite, limited duration. These forms of punishment were intended to last a limited time.
The early Christians taught that Christ preached the gospel to the dead and descended to Hades for this purpose. This was interpreted as meaning that the fate of the human soul is not decided according to what has happened by the time of death. Some have adopted the concept of “eternal probation.” In the early Church, and perhaps to some extent in modern times, one can pray for the dead, in which case the idea is that the fate of the deceased can be influenced by prayer.
The first, relatively complete definition of Christian doctrine was given by the Clement of Alexandria, A.D. 180, and one of the guiding principles of this doctrine was universal salvation. A little later, in 220 A.D., Origen made an even more complete account of Christianity’s content. Universal salvation was part of it, too. Universal salvation was the prevailing doctrine in Christianity as long as Greek, the language of the New Testament, was the defining language of Christianity.
Universalism began to be marginalized from the time Latin became the language of the Bible. As Latin started to displace the Greek language among the people and scholars, so did universalism. Not one writer among those who describe the heresies of the first three hundred years points out that universalism would have been a heresy since many believed in universalism, if not the majority, but certainly the most among the Church Fathers.
No creed during the first five hundred years expressed an idea that would contradict universalist salvation or advocate eternal, endless punishments. For four hundred years since Christ’s death, only Augustine A.D. 42 has argued against universalism. Most of the proponents of endless punishment were Gentiles by birth who had lived a very filthy life in their youth. Such a person was e.g., Tertullian.
The first supporters of the infinite punishment, Minucius Felix, Tertullian, and Augustinus, wrote in Latin and did not speak Greek. Of course, it is clear that without a deep command of the Greek language, one will not be able to interpret the New Testament’s essential questions. After the apostles, the first proponents of universalism were the Greeks, in whose mother tongue the New Testament was written. They found their Universalism in the Greek Bible. There was no religious research material to guide them, only the Greek New Testament.
It can be said that all scholars of church history agree on the prevalence of universalism in the first centuries. From the days of Clement of Alexandria to Gregory Nyssa and Theodore of Mopsuestia (AD 180-428), great theologians and teachers were almost invariably universalists.
Universalism was a widely accepted doctrine in the early Church. Between AD 170 and 430, there were six major Christian schools. Of these, four schools (Alexandria, Antioch, Caesarea, and Edessa) taught universalism that Ephesus taught annihilationism, and only one, Carthage, supported the principle of infinite punishment. In the controversy over Origen against Celsus, Celsus accused the Christian God of cruelty because he punished with fire. Origen replied that God’s fire is healing. God is a “consuming fire” because he consumes sin and not the sinners.
Ignorant fanatics bitterly opposed Origen, the chief representative of the universalism of ancient centuries, and condemned him for several heresies. He was accused of opposing the bishopric, believing in pre-existence, etc., but was never opposed to universalism. Hippolytus (AD 320) names thirty-two known heresies, but universalism is not mentioned among them. Epiphanius, the “hammer of heretics,” describes eighty heresies. Still he does not mention universalism, although Gregory of Nyssa, an outspoken universalist, was the most prominent figure in Christianity at the time of writing.
Justinian, a semi-pagan emperor who tried to get universalism officially condemned, lived at the most corrupt stage of Christian centuries. He closed theological schools and demanded that the law condemn universalism. Still the doctrine was so prevalent in the Church that the council refused to obey his commandments to suppress the doctrine. Justinian’s time was “the worst thing that has ever been found in civilization.”
In the Middle Ages, apparently, until the 19th century, Universalism was suppressed in both Catholic and Protestant theology. In the 19th century, several thorough supports of universalism appeared, which can be found in the books published by tentmaker.
 The review of the history of universalism is based on information from https://tentmaker.org/books.
In short, a study of the early history of the Christian religion shows that the doctrine of universalism was prevalent in the earliest centuries and, on the other hand, universalism was in the dark during the darkest centuries of the Middle Ages. Universalism was replaced by the doctrine of eternal hell in a fiery lake. It was proclaimed by the Catholic Church, which relied on the Latin Bible. I see two reasons for abandoning universalism: first, the language of the Bible changed to Latin and, at the same time, erroneous translations nested in the translations of the Bible, especially about the eternal duration of God’s punishment. Second, it was easy to control the simple church people and maintain the fear of the Lord by emphasizing the perpetual continuation of punishment in the fiery lake of hell. Third, the Catholic Church purgatory was an effective way of raising funds for the needs of the Church.
How have I dealt with universalism in my writings?
However, in one of my articles a few years ago, I wrote that I do not accept universalism. So, I asked how God could pardon brutal mass murderers like Adolf Hitler, Josef Stalin, and Pol Pot. There are about one hundred million people murdered on their conscience, and they have shown no remorse for their actions.
At the same time, I felt a desire to counsel God: why wouldn’t God turn evil people with coercion? Jesus Christ was an example of this when he converted the greatest enemy of Christianity, the Pharisee Saul, blinding him in one lightning strike for three days. Thus, Saul became the apostle Paul, the best-known disseminator of the teachings of Christ among the Gentiles. If forcing conversion works so quickly, why wouldn’t God do the same for others?
I also thought about the justice of God. Why has God given some people a lot of faith but others little or no faith (see Romans 12:3)? God has been compared to a potter who makes vessels for both particular purposes and everyday use. If a person is a vessel made by God for everyday use, that is, he is not very much of a believer, but filled with worldly things, can he be expected to do the same as a believer of a vessel for particular purposes? (see 2 Tim 2:20)
I wanted to believe that God has a plan for all options.
Indeed, God says in the Bible that he wants everyone to be saved. God must be a Universalist, right?
Are the teachings of the denominations based on misinterpretations of the Bible?
I recently wrote an article about preterism. After all, the preterists believe that the Second Coming of Christ and everything connected with it, has already taken place. If you do not merely reject their views outright, but if you study their arguments in more detail, you can say with me that in many respects, the arguments seem good.
Let’s take an example: Jesus said to his disciples, “I will come back soon.” Preterists interpret the scriptures so that “soon” means before the year 70 AD when the Roman soldiers invaded Israel and destroyed God’s temple in Jerusalem.
What about attitudes towards universalism? Are the arguments of the universalists credible? I have listed Bible verses which prove, at least initially, all to be saved at the last judgment according to the Universalist view.
How many different denominations and beliefs are there in the world? Theologians and priests in each denomination list Bible verses in support of their doctrines. I’ve often wondered about this and pondered how easy it would be (in my opinion) to find strong justification against, say, the Catholic doctrine in the Bible. Well, Catholics do not consider the word of the Bible to be the primary determinant of Christian doctrine, like many other denominations.
Bible verses to support the salvation of all
God wants everyone to be saved
Universalists appeal to a Bible verse where God is said to want everyone to be saved. 1 Tim 2:3 ”This is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Savior, 4 who wants all people to be saved and come to full knowledge of the truth.”
2 Pet 3:9 The Lord is not slow concerning his promise, as some count slowness; but is patient with us. He does not want anyone to perish, but wants everyone to come to repentance.
God’s will is always fulfilled, right? God sent Christ to earth to carry out God’s will for the salvation of mankind. Jesus said: Mat 26:39 ” He went forward a little, fell on his face, and prayed, saying, “My Father, if possible, let this cup pass away from me; nevertheless, not what I desire, but what you desire.” It is, therefore, a matter of God’s will. What if people do not want to be saved? Joh 3:16 says: ”For God so loved the world, that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish, but have eternal life. – Thus, the salvation of man requires faith.
Joh 1:29 The next day, he saw Jesus coming to him, and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!
When will this happen? Does it include all the sin that has been committed so far? During the coming Millennial Kingdom, much sin will be removed. However, Satan is still seducing humanity. We see it in the end-time events when Satan’s helpers, the Antichrist, and the False Prophet attract a significant portion of humanity. The Antichrist and the False Prophet will be thrown into the hell of the lake of fire, where Satan will also find himself. Once the last judgment has been executed, only then can it be said that there is no more sin in the world. Sinners receive their judgment, but will Christ, who is the executor of judgment, have mercy on them after sinners have been cleansed from sin?We see it in the end-time events when Satan’s helpers, the Antichrist, and the False Prophet, are attracted to a significant portion of humanity. The Antichrist and the False Prophet will be thrown into the hell of the lake of fire, where Satan will also find himself. Once the last judgment has been executed, only then can it be said that there is no more sin in the world. Sinners receive their judgment, but will the executor of judgment, Christ, have mercy on them after sinners have been cleansed from sin?
Dan 7:13 I saw in the night-visions, and, behold, there came with the clouds of the sky one like a son of man, and he came even to the ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. 14 There was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all the peoples, nations, and languages should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.
7:22 until the ancient of days came, and judgment was given to the saints of the Most High, and the time came that the saints [participants in the first resurrection] possessed the kingdom.
Everyone can be saved if…
1 Cor 15:22 For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive. 23 But each in his own order: Christ the first fruits, then those who are Christ’s, at his coming.
All will be made alive in Christ, each in turn. Christ as the firstborn, then Christ’s own. Paul says nothing about atheists, Gentiles, confessors of other religions.
Joh 1:9 ”The true light that enlightens everyone was coming into the world.” – The light is Christ, the Word of God. He is to enlighten, share the gospel of the kingdom of God, to every person. When will this promise be fulfilled? And hopefully all the people would also accept the gospel. The relative proportion of Christians, and especially those who truly believe in Christ, is steadily declining.
Joh 17:2 even as you [God the Father] gave him authority over all flesh, he [Christ] will give eternal life to all whom you have given him. 3 This is eternal life, that they should know you, the only true God, and him whom you sent, Jesus Christ.
Verse 2 states that God has given “all flesh,” all humankind, to the power of Christ. The assignment includes the instruction to give eternal life to all God has given to Christ’s power. But then, a clarification follows; eternal life means that those who will have eternal life, also know God, who alone is the true God. And second, the saved are required to know Jesus Christ, whom the Father has sent to earth.
John continues 3:36, “The one who believes in the Son has eternal life, but the one who disobeys the Son will not see life. Instead, the wrath of God remains on him.”
The expression “all flesh” refers primarily to all of humanity, but also more broadly as Gen 6:17 clarifies: ”For I, behold, I bring a flood of waters on the earth, to destroy all flesh under the heavens in which is the breath of life: everything that is on the earth shall expire.
Joh 6:37 ” All those who the Father gives me will come to me. Him who comes to me I will in no way throw out.” – Above, the Bible claimed that God the Father had given all flesh to Christ. Does verse 37 mean that the Father gives everything (all of humanity) to Christ? Or does it mean that all the flesh (that part of humanity) that God gives comes to Christ? When you look at the world’s behavior over the last two thousand years, it is imperative to see the truth: only a tiny fraction of the world’s billions of people have sought to follow Christ.
Heb 2:9 ” But we see him who has been made a little lower than the angels, Jesus, because of the suffering of death crowned with glory and honor, that by the grace of God he should taste of death for everyone. 10 For it became him, for whom are all things, and through whom are all things, in bringing many children to glory, to make the author of their salvation perfect through sufferings. – Jesus has died for all. It is also stated that Christ has brought many of God’s children to glory. What about the rest, who have sinned? When is their turn, the universalists ask?
Rom 11:26 And so all Israel shall be saved. According as it is written, The deliverer shall come out of Zion; he shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob. 11:32 For God has shut up all to disobedience, that he might have mercy on all. – In some verses earlier, however, Paul says, 11:14 if by any means I may provoke to jealousy those who are my flesh, and may save some of them.
Isa 45:25 In Jehovah shall all the seed of Israel be justified, and shall glory. – Isaiah promises that all Israel will be justified in the Lord. When will this happen? I understand that Israel, in the future, will turn, but what about how the old generations will be saved? People lived according to the course of this world, and the idols of the neighboring people were worshiped. The Hebrew Epistle probably answers the question:
Heb 8:11 They will not teach every man his fellow citizen; Every man his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ For all will know me, From the least of them to the greatest of them.
12 For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness. I will remember their sins and lawless deeds no more.”
Romans 11:26 promised that all Israel would be saved. Hebrews 8:11, on the other hand, testifies that all people, from the smallest to the greatest, know God. After all, the Jews have ‘known God’ since the time of Moses, though they have not obeyed his will. This means knowing the way Jesus proclaimed God’s will and the gospel. Knowledge involves faith, and faith involves forgiveness of sins. Verse 8:12 says that God forgives and no longer remembers their sins. Forgiveness is followed by salvation.
What is our God like?
1 John speaks of love: 4:7 Beloved, let us love one another, for love is of God; and everyone who loves is born of God, and knows God.
8 He who doesn’t love doesn’t know God, for God is love.
9 By this was God’s love revealed in us, that God has sent his one and only Son into the world that we might live through him.
10 In this is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son as the atoning sacrifice for our sins.
11 Beloved, if God loved us in this way, we also ought to love one another.
God loves not only those who believe in him and Christ but also those who hate him. Jesus said so in Mat 5:44 ” But I tell you, love your enemies, bless those who curse you, do good to those who hate you, and pray for those who mistreat you and persecute you.” – Could anyone imagine God punishing with eternal torture in a ‘lake of fire’ people who work against his will?
God is full of grace; Jam 3:17 But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceful, gentle, reasonable, full of mercy (G1656 eleos )and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy. – God, full of grace and love, and his Son, Jesus Christ, may not condemn people created by God to eternal torture.
Ezekiel testifies of God: 33:11 ”Tell them, As I live, says the Lord Jehovah, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked; but that the wicked turn from his way and live: turn you, turn you from your evil ways; for why will you die, house of Israel?” – Of course, we know that God can be fierce and has destroyed sinful people from the earth in Noah’s days. Since then, God has chosen another way to save sinful humanity. He allowed his son to die for the sins of humanity to redeem them.
Joh 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish, but have eternal life.” – According to this verse, the precondition of eternal life is faith in God.
God created the world; Rev 4:11 says…… because you created all things, and they came into existence and were created because of your will.” (G2307 Thelema G2307; ”will, choice, inclination, desire, pleasure”) KJV … for thy pleasure they are and were created.
– It cannot be in accordance with God’s will and pleasure that a large proportion of sinful people, his creatures, will be subjected to eternal torture.
Isa 55:11 so shall my word be that goes forth out of my mouth: it shall not return to me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it. – This old expression means, in short, in modern language: My word, which I utter, carries out my will.
God’s great plan is to make people his co-workers.
God will do all his will
Isa 46:10 Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure: 11 calling a ravenous bird from the east, the man of my counsel from a far country; yes, I have spoken, I will also bring it to pass; I have purposed, I will also do it.
At what point does God carry out his will for humanity? The book of Revelation describes the plagues of humanity in the day of the Lord: 9:20 The rest of mankind, who were not killed with these plagues, didn’t repent of the works of their hands, that they wouldn’t worship demons, and the idols of gold, and of silver, and of brass, and of stone, and of wood; which can neither see, nor hear, nor walk. 21 They didn’t repent of their murders, nor of their sorceries, nor of their sexual immorality, nor of their thefts.” – A third of humanity will be destroyed according to verse 18.
Christ can convert sinners forcibly
However, Christ, who carries out God’s will, has saved someone by force, even though this man was not at all willing unwilling to join the believers of Christ. Saul was a Jewish Pharisee from the fiercest end. He imprisoned Christians as he traveled from place to place, “breathing threats of murder,” as the Bible account describes. Saul then became Paul, the apostle of the nations. The Bible does not generally mention the possibility of forced conversion. However, from the example given above, we see that nothing is impossible for God if only God wills.
1 Corinthians speaks of God’s purifying fire: 3:11 For no one can lay any other foundation than that which has been laid, which is Jesus Christ.
12 Whether a person builds on this foundation with gold, silver, expensive stones, wood, hay, or straw,
13 each man’s work will be revealed. For the Day [of judgment] will declare it, because it is revealed in fire; and the fire itself will test what sort of work each man’s work is.
14 If what a person has built on the foundation survives, he will receive a reward. If any man’s work is burned, he will suffer loss, but he himself will be saved, but as through fire.
The treatment of purifying fire can be obtained if a man has built his faith on Christ’s foundation. Even if the building is made only of “hay or straw,” that is, of the worst possible building materials, man is saved after the treatment of the purifying fire.
If God is going to convert people who oppose him forcibly, it must happen at the Last Judgment. God’s consuming and cleansing fire could handle these judgmental crowds; The Bible speaks of the lake of fire, but it is a figurative expression of painful treatment. We do not know how long the cleansing treatment would last. All we know is that it is not eternal but ends in time.
What about those people who have wholly rejected Christ? Nevertheless, do they have the opportunity to access a purifying fire that would be even more painful and long- lasting than in the question of those sinners who believed in Christ even a little?
The fire of God
The fire of God can be either a consuming fire or a purifying fire. Consuming fire occurs in many passages of the Bible, e.g., when the last rebellion of Satan’s forces is defeated; The fire of God falls from heaven and consumes the rebellious forces. Rev 20:9 ”They went up over the breadth of the earth, and surrounded the camp of the saints, and the beloved city. Fire came down out of heaven from God, and devoured them.” The book of Revelation continues: 10 The devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur, where the beast and the false prophet are also. They will be tormented day and night forever and ever.” – Even the purifying fire can be painful, but the punishing fire is even stringent and lasts extended time.
The rebels led by Satan will most obviously be destroyed to death, as exemplified in the Bible. However, this takes place before the resurrection, and after this resurrection, judgment follows. The rebels will be condemned to be thrown into the lake of fire to be tormented forever (verse 10). However, the unitarists do not accept such a translation because they believe everyone will be saved.
Consuming and cleansing fire, I have written more here.
Exo 24:17 And the appearance of the glory of Jehovah was like a consuming fire on the top of the mountain, before the eyes of the children of Israel.
Lev 10:2 And there went out fire from before Jehovah, and devoured them, and they died before Jehovah..
4 Moos 11:1… and the fire of Jehovah burned among them, and consumed some in the extremity of the camp. 16:35 And there came out a fire from Jehovah, and consumed the two hundred and fifty men that had presented incense..
21:28 For a fire is gone out of Heshbon, A flame from the city of Sihon: It has devoured Ar of Moab, The lords of the high places of the Arnon.
26:10 and the earth opened its mouth, and swallowed them up together with Korah, when that company died; what time the fire devoured two hundred fifty men, and they became a sign.
Sef 3:8 that I may gather the kingdoms together, to pour upon them mine indignation, –all my fierce anger: for all the earth shall be devoured with the fire of my jealousy. – There are nearly a hundred examples of consuming fire in the Bible.
Jesus draws all people to himself
“No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him, and I will raise him up in the last day.” (Joh 6:44)
When a person seeks God, then Jesus in turn, begins to draw him. Joh 12:32 ” And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all people to myself.” Heb 11:6 ”Without faith it is impossible to be well pleasing to him, for he who comes to God must believe that he exists, and that he is a rewarder of those who seek him.” – When Christ died for all, would he not, therefore, act to save all?
– Christ is already exalted; he is exalted in heaven above all angels and all on earth. God has given him the same power that God himself exercises. When will Christ fulfill his promise and draw all men to himself? Before it happens, people die for their sins, resting in their graves, awaiting the resurrection and the final judgment. I interpret the words of Christ to mean in practice the following: In the first resurrection, Christ resurrects the dead who have believed in him and those who are Christ’s own at the moment of his second coming.
Then follows a period of about a thousand years, the Millennial Kingdom ruled by Christ and the Saints. The Bible does not say that Christ would draw men other than those living in the kingdom during this time. The vast majority of the dead who are in their graves are still not attracted to Christ. When the second resurrection, called the resurrection of judgment, occurs, will Christ then draw those who are resurrected but have not yet been drawn?
However, not everyone seems to want to be drawn, but they oppose Christ. I can conclude that when Christ and the saints pass judgment on people, some are placed to the right of Christ and others to the left. Some are promised eternal life, and others are given the judgment to suffer in a place reserved for Satan and his angels. However, the last Judgment date would be the last possible time for Christ to draw sinners to him and have mercy on them. Or maybe not the last time after all; it is possible that Christ may have mercy even as the punishment is ongoing. Especially if it were ‘eternal and endless.’
Mat 25:46 These [”goats”] will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life.”
The Book of Revelation also tells of the Last Resurrection and the judgment that followed: 20:12 saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne, and they opened books. Another book was opened, which is the book of life. The dead were judged out of the things which were written in the books, according to their works.
13 The sea gave up the dead who were in it. Death and Hades gave up the dead who were in them. They were judged, each one according to his works.
14 Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire. – The death and destruction of the hell and Hades in the lake of fire is a figurative expression to a great extent. That, in practice, means that there is no more death. No man will die anymore because everyone has received eternal life.
15 If anyone was not found written in the book of life, he was cast into the lake of fire. – The dead will be judged according to what was written in the books, according to their deeds. The names of those who are saved in life are written in the book of life. Is it possible that Christ would have tried to draw the rest of the dead to himself, but these would not have been inclined to receive Him?
What about those who are tormented in a fiery lake. If it were true that punishment is eternal, death would not affect them either. I believe that experiencing the pain of the “fiery lake” leads to repentance, and sinners come to ask for mercy. What satisfaction would God receive from not agreeing to mercy?
God is calling
Is God’s calling the same as drawing?
Mat 22:14 For many are called, but few chosen.” Not everyone is called. It is clear from the word of the Bible: 1 Cor 1:24 but to those who are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ is the power of God and the wisdom of God.
Heb 9:15 For this reason he is the mediator of a new covenant, since a death has occurred for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first covenant, that those who have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.
Rev 19:9 ‘Blessed are those who are invited to the marriage supper of the Lamb!”
Luk 5:32 I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.”
Rom 11:29 For the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable.
Rom 8:30 Whom he predestined, those he also called. Whom he called, those he also justified. Whom he justified, those he also glorified. – Are only predefined called? However, when Christ promised to draw everyone to him after entering heaven, not everyone has been called. It is evident from those verses concerning calling, for example, “those who have been called,” and so on.
Of the calling, Jesus spoke in his parable of the king’s son’s wedding meal: The problem was that the called did not want to come. Someone was working in his field and another one was busy with his business. Others were even violent and killed the king’s servants. The king commanded Mat 22:9 “Go therefore to the intersections of the highways, and as many as you may find, invite to the marriage feast.”
10 Those servants went out into the highways, and gathered together as many as they found, both bad and good. The wedding was filled with guests.
11 And the king, having gone in to see the guests, beheld there a man not clothed with a wedding garment.
12 And he said to him, ‘Friend, how did you come in here not wearing wedding clothing?’ He was speechless..
22:13 Then said the king to the servants, Bind him feet and hands, and take him away, and cast him out into the outer darkness: there shall be the weeping and the gnashing of teeth.
14 For many are called, but few chosen.” – “Throwing out into the darkness with weeping and gnashing of teeth” is one of the Bible’s descriptions of the Last Judgment.
Many are invited to the wedding supper of the king’s son (Christ), but as we know, very few accept the invitation. When the wedding guests (Jews) did not follow the invitation, the king ordered to invite anyone the servants would meet. The servants (prophets) did according to the king’s will, and the wedding room was filled with both good and evil. One of the guests came to the wedding even though he was not wearing proper clothes.
During Jesus, white linen garments were donated to the wedding guests. In this parable, the linen gown symbolizes the righteous deeds of the saints and the fact that the guest did not appreciate the gift he received, the atoning work of Jesus. Just answering the invitation is not enough to get to the wedding of the Lamb; besides, dressing in wedding dresses is required.
In the great war of the end times, Christ fights against the beast: Rev 17:14 ”They also will overcome who are with him, called and chosen and faithful.”
God promised Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob that all families would be blessed in them.
Gen 12:3 I will bless those who bless you [Abraham], and I will curse him who curses you. In you will all of the families of the earth be blessed.” 22:18 In your seed will all the nations of the earth be blessed, because you have obeyed my voice.” 26:4 I will multiply your [Isaac] seed as the stars of the sky, and will give to your seed all these lands. In your seed will all the nations of the earth be blessed, 28:14 Your seed will be as the dust of the earth, and you will spread abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north, and to the south. In you and in your [Jacob] seed will all the families of the earth be blessed.” – Is the blessing given to families a kind of general one that does not cover every individual, or does the blessing given to families mean every person?
Surely God has known in advance that the interpretation of the Bible will become a dispute between scholars. Even religious wars have been waged when one Church does not agree with another one. Small people always suffer.
Salvation requires faith in Christ
Joh 3:36 One who believes in the Son has eternal life, but one who disobeys the Son won’t see life, but the wrath of God remains on him.” 3:15 that whoever believes in him should not perish, but have eternal life.
16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish, but have eternal life.
17 For God didn’t send his Son into the world to judge the world, but that the world should be saved through him.
18 He who believes in him is not judged. He who doesn’t believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name of the one and only Son of God.”
From these words of the Gospel of John, only one conclusion can be drawn: He who believes in Christ receives eternal life. He who does not believe is condemned and does not receive eternal life. Verse 17 seems contradictory at first reading; Is it not the job of Christ to judge the risen people? Yes, but the verse emphasizes that action to save humanity is more important than condemnation.
God’s fire tests people. I wrote above that even the slightest faith leads through fire to salvation and eternal life.
Col 1:20 and through him to reconcile all things to himself, by him, whether things on the earth, or things in the heavens, having made peace through the blood of his cross. – God has reconciled all things through the cross and blood of Christ, both in heaven and on earth. However, one must believe this and repentantly receive the grace of salvation.
Col 1:16 For by him [Christ] were all things created, in the heavens and on the earth, things visible and things invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers; all things have been created through him, and for him. – Christ is the culmination of God’s plan; When God the Father created the present world, Christ is the creator and leader of the world to come — the Millennial Kingdom. After the final judgment, the kingdom of God has only God’s own — his co-workers.
Heb 5:9 “And having been made perfect, he became to all those who obey him the source of eternal salvation, – When and how did Christ become perfect? He was a perfect and sinless man all his life. To be the savior of all mankind, Christ became perfect in sacrificing his life as the atonement for the sins of mankind and the accomplice of eternal salvation to all who believe in him and keep his commandments. That is what keeping the commandments in verse 9 is. It means to be obedient.
What if a person has no faith
What does “who does not believe” mean? First, this person has heard and understood the gospel. Heard and also understood the consequences of not believing. Such a man who rejects Christ and his promise of eternal life is in a worse position than a man who is a full pagan, who has not even heard of Christ in the manner mentioned above.
Rom 2:14 for when Gentiles who don’t have the law do by nature the things of the law, these, not having the law, are a law to themselves, 15 in that they show the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience testifying with them, and their thoughts among themselves accusing or else excusing them 16 in the day when God will judge the secrets of men, according to my gospel, by Jesus Christ.
What if everyone is not saved?
Above, I brought up Bible passages that require faith, even a little, for salvation and eternal life. What if some people don’t have faith? What could be the fate of such people? What do I mean by ‘such people’? They are people who, under no circumstances, in the tribulation of the Lord’s day, agree to say ‘Christ have mercy.’ They just curse God and Christ.
It is easier to say what their punishment could not be. It cannot be never-ending torture in the lake of fire. It could be annihilation, the complete destruction, and eternal separation from God. The final verdict could be for them, for example:
Despite all the countless exhortations and measures of God and Christ for your conversion and mercy, you have not agreed to accept God’s grace. Your brothers and sisters, many of whom have fought like you against the will of God but have turned and received grace, are now on the right hand of Christ and you on the left. They receive the grace of forgiveness and share in God Almighty’s eternal life as co-workers in creating a new world. This you have refused, and therefore Jesus Christ, Son of God, has condemned you to destruction. Now that your brothers and sisters are entering the kingdom of God, you have been cursed and are doomed to eternal separation from God.”
Many may say: “What punishment is this? No torture! ” Think about it, though. When Christ’s own, eternally lived, enter the kingdom of God as God’s co-workers, then these cursed have to find that they will never get in touch with God and his paradise — they will just cease to exist! At the latest, they will realize their great loss, but then it will be too late.
For what or for whom did Jesus come into the world?
Luk 2:10 The angel said to them, “Don’t be afraid, for behold, I bring you good news of great joy which will be to all the people. – For “all people” is a vague expression; did it mean in its time all of God’s chosen people, the Jews? Or, did it mean all the nations that received the word of salvation in Christ? Or did it mean those individuals among both Gentiles and Christians who were called and elected?
Jesus’ answer is surprising: Mat 15:24 But he answered, “I wasn’t sent to anyone but the lost sheep of the house of Israel.“ – However, only a small percentage of Jews received Jesus and believed his message. Christ converted Paul, trained as a Pharisee, to begin taking the gospel to the Gentiles. However, Paul did not forget Israel but wrote in his Romans, 11:26 “and so all Israel shall be saved.” According as it is written, the deliverer shall come out of Zion; he shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob. He further wrote of Israel: Rom 11:25 ”For I do not wish you to be ignorant, brethren, of this mystery, that you may not be wise in your own conceits, that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the nations be come in;”
Jesus explained to his disciples that he had only been sent to the lost sheep of Israel’s house. The task soon proved difficult.
Luke brought out the message of Jesus when someone asked him Luk 13:23, One said to him, “Lord, are they few who are saved?” He said to them:
24 “Strive to enter in by the narrow door, for many, I tell you, will seek to enter in, and will not be able.
25 When once the master of the house has risen up, and has shut the door, and you begin to stand outside, and to knock at the door, saying, ‘Lord, Lord, open to us!’ then he will answer and tell you, ‘I don’t know you or where you come from.’
26 hen you will begin to say, ‘We ate and drink in your presence, and you taught in our streets.’
27 He will say, ‘I tell you, I don’t know where you come from. Depart from me, all you workers of iniquity.’
28 There will be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when you see Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and all the prophets, in the Kingdom of God, and yourselves being thrown outside.
29 They will come from the east, west, north, and south, and will sit down in the Kingdom of God.
30 Behold, there are some who are last who will be first, and there are some who are first who will be last.”
Christ understood that the high conversion of the Jews had to wait a couple of thousand years. This “hardening” will continue for some time, until “the number of the Gentiles has come in.” That is when the “removal of hardening” occurs, and the Jews receive the gospel in large numbers. What will happen to those Jews who have not yet accepted Christ and his message about God’s kingdom? I understand that Paul himself is responding to this by saying that “all Israel is saved.”
If all the Israelites, living and dead, are saved, should we not accept the same interpretation that applies to the people of all nations? After all, Christ gave the promise that after his resurrection, he would draw all people, not just Jews. We all know and feel that such drawing does not happen to all people, at least not in their lifetime. We also understand that neither God nor his son lies; The drawing to Christ must, therefore. take place after death.
The eternity of the Bible does not mean infinite time
The Bible speaks of eternal or eternity in many contexts. It is clear and certain to every believer that God the Father is eternal. He has always been and always will be. There are different views and interpretations of the Bible about Jesus, the Son of God. In this writing, I ponder the questions of salvation. I have already dealt with salvation in terms of what salvation requires. The essential question remains: what do God’s punishment and final judgment mean for salvation? Someone may say there is no problem with that. The Bible speaks clearly and repeatedly.
However, it is now the case that for the unbelievers and other great sinners, the Bible promised that the punishment of the last judgment in the fire of hell would be forever. Hell, for example, is called the fiery lake into which these sinners are cast. There they will suffer the pain of fire forever. There was little such interpretation of the Bible in the first centuries after the death of Christ.
The New Testament was originally written in Greek, and the Greek language was spoken and written generally in the Roman Empire. Then the Roman Empire was divided. Another significant development was the strengthening of the Latin language and, accordingly, the exclusion of Greek. The Latin Bible Vulgate, edited by the Church Father Hieronymus at the turn of the 300s and 400s, was granted an exclusive right in the Catholic Church. The unitarian interpretation of salvation soon disappeared almost entirely for a long time. The interpretation of the Greek New Testament changed; in particular, the eternity concept replaced the former, that there was nothing eternal but God the Father.
Rom 1:20 For the invisible things of him since the creation of the world are clearly seen, being perceived through the things that are made, even his everlasting (aidios) power and divinity; that they may be without excuse.
Jude 1:6 ”Angels who didn’t keep their first domain, but deserted their own dwelling place, he has kept in everlasting bonds under darkness for the judgment of the great day.” – Again, the word for eternity is aidios G126, which Strong’s says means Eternal, Everlasting. The angels are thus kept in eternal shackles (aïdios desmos, ἀΐδιος δεσμός) in darkness until the judgment of the great day. There can be no eternal, endless time in question, for angels are kept in chains until the great day’s judgment is given. Or does keeping them in shackles forever mean that even after judgment, these angels are kept in shackles? This is hardly intended.
Jude 1:7 ”Even as Sodom and Gomorrah, and the cities around them, having, in the same way as these, given themselves over to sexual immorality and gone after strange flesh, are set forth as an example, suffering the punishment of eternal (aiōnios) fire.” – There can be no Eternal, Endless time in question, for Angels are kept in chains until the judgment of the great day is given. Or does keeping them in Shackles forever mean that even after judgment, these Angels are kept in Shackles? This is hardly intended.Jude 1:6 ”Angels who didn’t keep their first domain, but deserted their own dwelling place, he has kept in everlasting bonds under darkness for the judgment of the great day.” – Again, the word for eternity is aidios G126, which Strong’s says means Eternal, Everlasting. The angels are thus kept in eternal shackles (aïdios desmos, ἀΐδιος δεσμός) in darkness until the judgment of the great day. There can be no eternal, endless time in question, for angels are kept in chains until the great day’s judgment is given. Or does keeping them in shackles forever mean that even after judgment, these angels are kept in shackles? This is hardly intended.
2 The 1:8 in flaming fire taking vengeance on those who know not God, and those who do not obey the glad tidings of our Lord Jesus Christ;
1:9 KR 38 KJV Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power; NASB These will pay the penalty of eternal destruction, away from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of His power,
What does “eternal destruction” mean? The English translations speak of “Everlasting / Eternal Destruction away from the presence of the Lord and from the Glory of His power.
The expression of eternal destruction leads my thoughts to the annihilation.
What do the words “aiōn” and “αἰώνιος” mean?
The Greek word ‘aion’ age or that which pertains to the ages. It is often translated as ‘eternal’ or eternity, and eternity means endless time. On the other hand, the era contains the idea of the end of the period, sometimes in the future. Therefore, eternity and eternal are false translations.
Heb 1:2 through whom also He made the world. KJV-translation however says: “by whom also He made the worlds [aions]” – i.e. in the plural“ Worlds ”. – God, himself, has created the world according to the general translation of the Bible. God did not create worlds, but world ages or eras of different lengths. Especially the world ages to come are the work of Christ, created in Christ. The Millennial World Age (aion) and the post-Last Judgment period.
Gal 1:4 who [Christ] gave Himself for our sins so that He might rescue us from this present evil age, according to the will of our God and Father, KJV that he might deliver us from this present evil world (aiōn). – The translation of Galatians “Rescue us from this present evil world” seems natural in itself, although the correct translation would be “save from the present evil age.”
God is everlasting; Rom 16:26 “But now is made manifest, and by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the everlasting (aiōnios) God, made known to all nations for the obedience of faith” – The Greek word for eternal God aiōnios Theos, αἰώνιος θεός is not the best and shows only the old error that eternal was translated by the word aiōnios. Better would have been aïdios.
There have been ages in the world (aions) and also the time before these. 2 Tim 1: 9 says, “according to His own purpose and Grace, which was given to us in Christ Jesus before the world [aionios] began.” The Bible translations continue with “aiōnios judgment” (Heb 6:2), “aiōnios sin” (Mark 3:29), “aiōnios fire” (Mat 25:41), and “aiōnios punishment” (Mat 25:46).
Gal 1:4 Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this present evil world (aiōn), according to the will of God and our Father. There will also be a new world age. Matthew 12:32 says, “it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world [aion], nor in the world [aion] to come.
About the coming world ages say Eph 2:7 ” that in the ages to come he might show the exceeding riches of his grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus; 8 for by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God,” – Even KJV can translate the word aiōn here “in the ages to come.” Translating it into ‘future worlds’ would have been incomprehensible in context.
Heb 1:8 says about the reign of Christ: but of the Son he says, “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; (εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα τοῦ αἰῶνος, to the aion of the aion), The scepter of uprightness is the scepter of your kingdom.
– The throne of Christ will remain from age to age, even after the last judgment. 1 Cor 15:24, ”Then the end comes, when he will deliver up the Kingdom to God, even the Father; when he will have abolished all rule and all authority and power. 15:28 When all things have been subjected to him, then the Son will also himself be subjected to him who subjected all things to him, that God may be all in all.” – According to an old creed, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are all equal deities. This verse of the Epistle to the Corinthians shows that God the Father is above all, and he is all in all.
There are aions to look forward to: “that in the ages [aions] to come He might show the exceeding riches of His grace” (Eph 2:7).
Rev 14:9 Another angel, a third, followed them, saying with a great voice, “If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives a mark on his forehead, or on his hand,
10 he also will drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is prepared unmixed in the cup of his anger. He will be tormented with fire and sulfur in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb.
14:11 The smoke of their torment goes up forever and ever (εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα τοῦ αἰῶνος). They have no rest day and night, those who worship the beast and his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name.
This description of Revelation in verse 10 is more detailed because it does not merely say “be tormented with fire and sulfur,” but states that the affliction will take place as the holy angels and the Lamb, i.e., Christ, observe this. Thus, the description appears reliable and is not merely a figurative expression. “Forever and ever” would be better translated “from age to age” because aiōn does not mean infinite eternity. The description in verse 11 is a figurative expression of punishment, saying the same as “fire that never goes out.”
Death is the last to be defeated
1 Cor 15:25 For he must reign until he put all enemies under his feet.”
26 The last enemy that will be abolished is death.
27 For, “He put all things in subjection under his feet.” But when he says, “All things are put in subjection,” it is evident that he is excepted who subjected all things to him.
Christ reigns on earth in his Millennial Kingdom “until he has put all his enemies under his feet.” All people and all angels are subject to Christ. Everyone except God himself. Finally, death itself is subjected to Christ. No one, no one, will die anymore unless Christ so orders. Or is it not true that, as the last enemy, death would be destroyed? Perhaps behind the skeptic’s idea is that those who have received eternal life by the last judgment can no longer die, unlike those who receive punishment.
Does Christ want someone to die? I mean, to die an eternal death?
First, in the Middle Ages, when the Bible was translated into vernacular from Latin and Greece, bad mistakes were made in translating God’s punishment. I strongly doubt that the Catholic Church also saw a great opportunity to strengthen its grip on the church people. In this way, the translations included eternal torment in hell as God’s punishment.
My view is that according to the Bible, the first and second resurrections will take place. Those involved in the Second Resurrection will also face the final judgment. Others will receive eternal life in judgment, but others will suffer the punishment imposed on them. It is not the fire of hell as punishment has long been interpreted to be. It is not a fiery lake, which is a figurative expression of this tormenting punishment. The penalty is tormenting, that is for sure, but it is not eternal, endless.
These false translations have followed from the Middle Ages to the very latest translations.
Thus, if God’s punishment in the final judgment is not infinite, it will end when God or Christ sees the punishment as sufficient. What happens after God’s punishment is performed? I have not found a clear biblical answer to this. It has been suggested that these people be annihilated, destroyed totally and forever after suffering punishment. If God wants to destroy sinners forever, why should they be tormented with fiery punishment? I don’t think so.
I believe that by suffering the punishment, sins are atoned for. Those punished can join those who have been saved earlier. They, too, are accepted as God’s fellow workers to build the future New World.
Salvation is by grace through faith.