With the following verses, I try to find out what kind of pain is described in these verses with the words of Greek.
Luk 16:23-24 In Hades, [i.e. the realm of the dead] where he was in constant torture, he looked up and saw Abraham far away and Lazarus by his side. So he shouted, ‘Father Abraham, have mercy on me! Send Lazarus to dip the tip of his finger in water and to cool off my tongue, because I am suffering in this fire.
The pain of the Greek language is βάσανος basanos, which appears twice in Jesus’ parable of the rich man and Lazarus. It must be remembered that this is a figurative parable, it is not an account that should be understood literally. This is easy to understand as the rich man asks Lazarus to dip his fingertip into water to cool the rich man’s tongue. The tiny drop of water in fingertip would be of no help in the furnace.
Mat 4:24 KJV And his fame went throughout all Syria: and they brought unto him all sick people that were taken with divers diseases and torments, and those which were possessed with devils, and those which were lunatic, and those that had the palsy; and he healed them”. (G1139 βάσανος basanos, possessed with devils)
Mar 6:48 tells of the incident when Jesus sent his disciples to the lake in the heat of the wind. “He saw that they were straining at the oars, because the wind was against them. Shortly before dawn, he came to them, walking on the sea. He intended to go up right beside them” … – He saw the disciples straining(βασανίζω basanizō) at the oars… The disciples were in distress and feared for their lives. Fear and anxiety, however, were not physical but spiritual pain.
And what about the fire, which is described in 1 Cor 3:11-15: 11 After all, no one can lay any other foundation than the one that is already laid, and that is Jesus Christ. And if anyone builds on this foundation gold, silver, precious stones, wood, grass, straw, the workmanship of each person will become evident, for the day of judgment will show what it is, because it will be revealed with fire, and the fire will test the quality of each person’s work. If what a person has built on the foundation survives, he will receive a reward. If his work is burned up, he will suffer loss. However, he himself will be saved, but it will be like going through fire.
1 Cor 3:13 says that it will be revealed with fire, and the fire will test the quality of each person’s work. The Corinthians letter begins with the assumption that man can build his life on a sustainable foundation, which is Christ. The man-made building is not a literal house, it is a figurative expression of man’s work in life. If the ‘building’ is to withstand the fire, this man receives a reward. From the parable of Jesus, we remember what kind of reward a man could receive; someone got control over five cities, some other ten. Those who are not in faith and have not built the houses of their lives on the foundation of Christ’s basement do not receive a reward because their building cannot withstand the testing fire. Such a person will be saved, but as if through fire. But the reward cannot be the administrative work mentioned above because the thousand-year reign of Jesus has already ended. The saints have ruled under Christ, and now comes the last judgment and Christ gives all power back to the God Father. The nature of the wage remains unclear.
Reward G3408 μισθός misthos:
- in both senses, rewards and punishments
- of the rewards which God bestows, or will bestow, upon good deeds and endeavors
- of punishments