ArticlesNOTES ON SELECTED SCRIPTURES

NOTES ON SELECTED SCRIPTURES

MATTHEW

1:1 A genealogy: Gr. Book of Birth.
1:1 Jesus: Gr. Iesous, the Hebrew Joshua.
1:1 Christ: Gr. anointed, the Hebrew Messiah. Not a proper name in the New Testament, but a title, like Caesar for the Roman Emperor. See Paper II at the end of these notes.
1:2 The spaces in this genealogy at verses 2, 6, 12, 16, are part of a Numeric Design, which runs through all similar divisions of the New Testament, as given in the Text, as far as examined hitherto. See Paper I at the end of these notes. [UBM Note: See Important Note, 2, at the beginning of the book.]
1:2 On the colon (:) before Isaac, as indicating the article the before the word it precedes. See Preface, §§ 5-6.
1:2 in turn: Gr. de; given only here in this genealogy (38 times). See verse 18 and Preface, § 18.
1:2 Jacob: Gr. Iakōb, indeclinable, used only of this Patriarch and of Joseph’s father in verse 16 below. The declinable Iakōbos is used for New Testament personages, and is always rendered James; compare 4:21, and see Preface, §§ 12-13.
1:2 Judah: Gr. Ioudas, also rendered Judas, Jude, and Thaddæus. See Preface, § 13.
1:3 On Hesrōm: and Aram, Aminadab of verse 4, and Salmōn, Boes, of verse 5, see Preface, § 12, and Luke 3:32-33.
1:6 the wife of Uriah: see Preface, § 14.
1:11 On Jeconiah being here the Old Testament Jehoiakim, and not his son, Jehoiachin, see Paper IV.
1:11 Babylōn removal: see Preface, § 14.
1:16 Mary: Gr. Maria, declinable; also Mariam indeclinable, the Hebrew Miriam.
1:18 Now: Gr. de; translated as in turn in verses 2-16. See Preface, § 18.
1:20 angel: Gr. messenger; angel, only of supernatural messengers.
1:21 On small capitals of HE and similar cases, see Preface, § 11.
1:22 is come to pass: or came to be, better, became.
1:24 On the meaning of the and in italics see Preface, § 19.
2:8 worship: or do homage, and so wherever the context may permit or require it.
2:8 worship it: The Greek has the same form for him and it.
As child is neuter in the Greek (as well as in English and German, Russian, and presumably other languages also) only Numerics give here certainty.
2:20 life: Gr. psuche, soul or life, according to context.
2:23 Nazareth: Gr. here Nazaret, the Vocabulary word. The others, Nazara and Nazareth, are only its forms.
3:1 preaching: or proclaiming, heralding, when the object follows.
3:7 And seeing: horaō, to see, is explained by grammarians as a defective verb, with opsomai for its future, and another of its forms for the aorist. But Numerics show that the two are different Vocabulary words: horaō and optomai. Now idōn from idō, to see, is treated by grammarians and lexicographers also as a defective verb, supposedly eidō, with its present supplied from horaō. The translation seeing should thus yield to having seen. But here also Numerics show that the verb is idō, and idōn is properly rendered as a present, seeing.
3:11 indeed: again the Protean de; with men as balancing it in opposition (meaning but), indeed is the nearest to its true meaning. And, now, indeed, however, but are thus most frequent meanings of de, according to the context.
4:1 devil: Gr. diabolos, slanderer.
4:13 Nazareth: Gr. here Nazara, a form of Nazaret, see 2:23.
4:15 Naphtali: Gr. Nefthaleim, the Vocabulary word. In Revelation 7:6 Nefthalim, its form.
4:18 Peter: Gr. Petros, a stone.
4:21 James: Gr. Iakobos, a form of Iakob, Jacob: see 1:2.
4:23 gospel: or good news, and so throughout.
4:23 people: singular.
5:3-11 On the absence of the copula are in these verses see Preface, § 8.
5:18 Amēn: Hebrew truth.
5:19 the same: Gr. this one.
5:22 Raca: Hebrew empty-head.
6:11 Our daily bread: Gr. our bread for the coming day.
6:26 Behold: Gr. Look closely unto.
6:26 barns: or stores.
7:22 mighty works: Gr. powers, and so elsewhere.
7:25 floods: Gr. rivers.
7:27 floods: Gr. rivers.
8:11 sit down: Gr. recline, and so elsewhere, when at meals.
8:31 demons: only once in the New Testament; elsewhere the word is daimonion, the diminutive of “demon”, little demon.
9:12 The healthy: Gr. the strong.
9:12 [UBM Note: physician: Gr. iatros, meaning healer. Panin translated iatros as both healer and physician. For the sake of consistency, we would use healer throughout since it covers every application of the same Greek word. While neither Jesus nor Luke practiced medicine, the woman with the issue of blood probably went to someone who did. The Greek pharmakia (English: pharmacy) represented this form of healing and is always translated sorcery or sorceries.]
9:17 skins: used as bottles; and so throughout.
9:21-22 made whole (twice): or saved, and so elsewhere.
9:30 strictly: or sternly.
9:38 send forth: Gr. cast out.
10:3 Thaddæus: a form of the Gr. Ioudas, Judah. See 1:2, last note.
10:17 councils: plural of Sanhedrin.
10:23 go through: Gr. finish.
10:39 findeth, loseth: Gr. past tense.
11:5 given the gospel: Gr. evangelized. [UBM Note: Sometimes translated as good tidings.]
11:17 mourn: Gr. smite your breast.
11:25 thank thee: Gr. confess to thee [in praise].
11:26 for: Gr. hoti, which may be that, or because. Numerics furnish the test between them wherever tested, but they are too numerous at the time of this writing for exhaustive examination.
12:39 generation: or race.
12:40 whale: Gr. sea-monster.
13:8 ground: or soil; Gr. earth.
13:33 measures: the Greek word is a measure of about six quarts.
13:55 Mariam: Gr. Maria, declinable; also Mary indeclinable, the Hebrew Miriam.
14:2 servants: or attendants.
16:3 Foul weather: elsewhere winter, storm.
16:6 Take heed and: Gr. see that ye also.
16:18 rock: Gr. Petra.
18:19 [UBM Note: any thing: Gr. pantos pragmatos. The Greek for thing is pragma, but it is never part of the English anything or everything. See Preface, § 9.]
18:24 This talent value was probably about £200, or $1,000. [UBM Note: Obviously the value of one talent has grown since Panin wrote this note; and 10,000 talents clearly represent the impossibility of repaying the debt of our sins.]
22:2-9 [UBM Note: Feast should be italicized when used with marriage or wedding. Gr. Gamos, meaning marriage only. It is used in the Greek when the context identifies its various components: the feast, supper, and ceremony.] 22:16 persons: Gr. face.
24:43 watch: Gr. phulake. Different root from watch in verse 42 and from watched in verse 43.
25:10 [UBM Note: Feast should be italicized when used with marriage or wedding. Gr. Gamos, meaning marriage only. It is used in the Greek when the context identifies its various components: the feast, supper, and ceremony.]
26:41 Watch . . . temptation: Until Numerics decide the punc- tuation it is best suspended.
27:65 can: Gr. know [how].
28:9 Hail!: elsewhere rejoice, manner of greeting.

M A R K

1:43 strictly: or sternly. 3:3 Stand forth: Gr. Arise into the midst. 4:21 Is the lamp brought: Gr. cometh the lamp.
5:13 drowned: Gr. choked.
5:18 [UBM Note: whilom: or former. Not found in the original
Greek. We believe Panin forgot to italicize it.] 6:43 basketfuls: Gr. fullnesses of baskets.
7:4 washings: Gr. baptizings.
7:5 defiled: Gr. common: see verse 2.
11:29 question: Gr. word.
13:14 it: or he.
16:2 first: Gr. day one.

L U K E

1:3 from above: so the Gr. or from [the original] sources. 2:14 or, peace of good pleasure among men.
2:39 Nazareth: Gr. here Nazaret, the Vocabulary word. The others, Nazara and Nazareth, are only its forms 2:51 Nazareth: Gr. here Nazaret, the Vocabulary word. The others, Nazara and Nazareth, are only its forms.
3:18 preached the good tidings to: Gr. evangelized and so throughout.
4:16 Nazareth: Gr. here Nazara, a form of Nazaret, see 2:39. 4:34 Ah!: or let [alone].
5:10 catch: Gr. take alive.
5:18 different words for men and man.
5:31 [UBM Note: physician: Gr. iatros, meaning healer. Panin translated iatros as both healer and physician. For the sake of consistency, we would use healer throughout since it covers every application of the same Greek word. While neither Jesus nor Luke practiced medicine, the woman with the issue of blood probably went to someone who did. The Greek pharmakia (English: pharmacy) represented this form of healing and is always translated sorcery or sorceries.]
6:8 man: different word from verse 6.
6:22 ostracize: Gr. separate you [from].
7:2 dear: Gr. precious.
8:18 thinketh: or seemeth.
9:32 when fully awake: or having remained awake.
9:58 nests: Gr. lodgments.
10:21 thank thee: Gr. confess to thee [in praise].
11:38 washed: Gr. was baptized.
12:36 [UBM Note: Feast should be italicized when used with marriage or wedding. Gr. Gamos, meaning marriage only. It is used in the Greek when the context identifies its various components: the feast, supper, and ceremony.] 12:46 cut asunder: or severely scourge.
12:56 interpret (twice): or prove.
14:8 [UBM Note: Feast should be italicized when used with marriage or wedding. Gr. Gamos, meaning marriage only. It is used in the Greek when the context identifies its various components: the feast, supper, and ceremony.] 15:22 best: Gr. first.
16:6 papers: Gr. writings.
16:23 bosom: Gr. bosoms.
17:21 among: or in the midst 21:26 fainting: or expiring.
23:33 Skull: Latin Calvary.
24:12 departed to his home wondering: or departed, wondering with himself.
24:25 believe: or trust in.
24:49 tarry: Gr. sit down [for rest].

J O H N
4:46 nobleman: or king’s officer.
6:60 it: or him.
8:25 or, First of all even what I speak to you.
11:16 Didymus: or Twin.
17:15 out of: rendered of in verses 14 and 16.
21:15-17 lovest and love in these verses represent two different words in the Greek.

A C T S

2:1 Pentecost: Gr. fiftieth.
2:12 meaneth this?: Gr. would this be? What is the purpose?
2:32 whereof: or of whom.
3:15 whereof: or of whom.
5:3 Hananias: Gr. Hanania.
7:19 live: Gr. be preserved alive.
7:45 Joshua: Gr. Jesus.
8:26 toward the south: or at noon.
9:13 evil: Gr. plural.
9:36 Dorcas: Gr. Gazelle.
10:34 persons: Gr. face.
10:36 good tidings: or gospel.
11:17 withstand: Gr. hinder.
11:29 relief: Gr. for ministry.
12:21 throne: Gr. bema, judgment-seat.
13:6 sorcerer: Gr. magus, compare Matthew 2:1.
13:31 many: Gr. more, “rather many.”
14:12 Jupiter: Mercury: Latin for Gr. Zeus, Hermes.
14:15 Men, men: different words in Greek.
14:26 committed: elsewhere, delivered up.
15:7 a good while ago: Gr. from early days.
16:16 masters: elsewhere, lords.
16:40 comforted: or exhorted. 17:6 world: Gr. inhabited earth.
17:19 unto the Areopagus: Gr. up the Areopagus. 19:32 assembly: elsewhere church.
20:28 purchased: or acquired.
21:39 a Jew: Gr. a Jew man: also in 22:3. [UBM Note: [man] Gr. anthropos, meaning human being.]
22:3 a Jew: Gr. a Jew man. Compare 21:39 note. Man here is
different in Greek from man there. [UBM Note: man Gr. aner, meaning man, male.]
23:25 after: Gr. having.
25:21 emperor: Gr. Revered, the Latin Augustus.
26:23 whether (twice): or if.
26:23 must suffer: Gr. is subject to suffering (one word).
26:28 Literally: “In little (time), or with little (effort) me thou persuadest a Christian to make.” The order of the words being in the Greek as much part of the sense as the words themselves, the reader has all the materials here for rendering with the host of the here sorely puzzled commentators. The version in the text is at least not inferior to the many others.
26:29 or both in little or in great. The sense of this depends on the sense of verse 28.
27:29 wished: or prayed.
27:3 refresh himself: Gr. meet with care, be provided for.
27:32 fall off: same word as cast in verse 29.
28:3 quantity: elsewhere multitude.

JAMES

1:1 greeting: Gr. chairein, to rejoice, the usual word for greeting. But the second verse begins: Count it all joy. This collocation of the same root-word at the end of one paragraph with the beginning of another is frequent in this epistle: and the faithful translator must not ignore it.
1:2 temptations: or, trials; the Gr. means both. As in verses 12-14 it must be rendered temptation it is only proper to keep this throughout this passage, leaving the reader to get trial for himself from the context.
1:11 fashion: Gr. face.
1:13 unversed in: or, untempted with.
1:23 his natural face: Gr. the face of his birth.
1:24 The verbs are past tense in the Greek.
1:25 looketh: Gr. stoopeth to look.
3:5 how much wood: or, how great a forest.
3:6 path: Gr. wheel, hence the place it traverses, course.
3:6 nature: Gr. birth.
3:7 kind: Gr. nature.
3:7 human nature: mankind.
3:15 sensual: Gr. of soul.
5:3 flesh: Gr. plural.
5:12 or, let yours be the yea, yea, and the nay, nay.

1 PETER

1:24 withering, falling: Gr. past tense.
2:6 precious: or honorable: see verse 7.
2:19 toward: Gr. of.
3:6 put in fear: or afraid with.
3:8 as: or the.
3:21 of a: or after.
4:1 mind: or thought.
4:4 excess: Gr. downpour.

2 P E T E R

1:7 brotherly kindness: elsewhere love of brethren: the same change of words for love as in John 21:15-17.
1:19 word of prophecy: Gr. prophetic word.
2:4 tartarizing: or, cast into Tartarus, the final place for the wicked among the Greeks.
2:10 dignities: Gr. glories.
2:12 animals: Gr. natural.
2:19 whom: or what.
3:7 for: or with.
3:10 disclosed: Gr. found.

1 JOHN

2:1 Advocate: or Comforter.
2:3 we know him, or we have come to know him; so also in 2:4, 2:13-14, 4:7-8.
2:29 ye know: or know ye.
3:17 goods: Gr. living.

2 J O H N

1:12 face to face: Gr. mouth to mouth.

3 JOHN

1:8 for: or with.
1:14 face to face: Gr. mouth to mouth.

JUDE
1:1 Jude: Gr. Ioudas, Judah.
1:8 dignities: Gr. glories.
1:11 ran riotously in: or, gave themselves up to.
1:18 ungodly lusts: Gr. lusts of ungodliness.
1:19 having only soul: Gr. soulish.
1:22 who are in doubt: or, while they dispute.

ROMANS
1:12 in: or among.
1:15 preach the gospel to: Gr. evangelize.
1:17 by: Gr. out of.
1:20 be: or are.
1:28 refused: Gr. did not approve.
2:13 just: or righteous, and so elsewhere.
2:13 justified: or, accounted righteous, and so elsewhere.
2:16 or, shall judge.
3:8 good: plural.
3:20 by: Gr. out of.
3:22 in: or of.
3:26 hath faith in: Gr. is of the faith of.
5:16 justification: same word as “act of righteousness” in verse 18.
5:18 act of righteousness: same word as “justification” in verse 16.
6:9 knowing: different word from verse 6.
7:3 man’s: same word as husband in verses 2-3.
7:18 good: different word from the one used hitherto, meaning beautiful; also verse 21. [UBM Note: The first good is Gr. agathos, meaning good. The second good is Gr. kalos, meaning beautiful.]
7:22 delight: Gr. am delighted with.
7:25 serve: Gr. am bondman of.
8:24 in: or by.
8:26 intercedeth mightily: or, more than intercedeth.
8:27 because: or that.
9:25 beloved, Gr. feminine.
9:28 execute: Gr. do.
10:1 desire: Gr. good pleasure.
10:10 one believeth: Gr. it is believed.
10:10 one confesseth: Gr. it is confessed.
12:2 or, the will of God, the thing good and acceptable and perfect.
12:11 serving: being bondmen of.
12:16 set not: Gr. be carried off with [submit to].
13:9 covet: Gr. lust.
14:4 servant: Gr. household-servant.
14:5 esteemeth: Gr. one judgeth day above day: another judgeth.
14:11 or, give praise to God.
15:16 ministering the gospel: Gr. ministering as priest.
15:26 contribution: Gr. fellowship.
16:1 servant: or deaconess.
16:18 speech: elsewhere blessing.

1 C O R I N T H I A N S

1:5 utterance: Gr. Word (speech).
1:10 divisions: Gr. schisms.
2:8 known, known: different tenses.
2:11 knoweth: different word from verse 8.
2:12 know: different word from verse 8.
3:2 fed: Gr. watered.
3:9 husbandry: Gr. tilled land.
3:12 hay: elsewhere grass.
5:1 actually: Gr. altogether.
5:2 the verse may be a question.
6:2-4 the Greek is tribunals for matters and things.
7:2 own, own: different words in Greek.
7:31 fashion: Gr. scheme.
7:35 snare: Gr. noose.
7:37 own, own: different words in Greek.
8:2 knoweth, knoweth: different tenses.
8:10 emboldened: Gr. edified.
9:12 bear: Gr. cover.
9:24 racecourse: Gr. stadium.
10:11 figure: or type.
13:8 faileth: or falleth.
13:12 darkly: Gr. in a riddle.
14:24 reproved: or convicted.
14:39 desire earnestly: Gr. have a zeal for prophecy.
15:33 morals: or customs.
15:37 bare: elsewhere naked.
15:37 wheat: elsewhere corn, or grain.
15:48 earthy: Gr. of dust.
16:19 Prisca: in Acts Priscilla.
16:22 Maranatha: Or Come, Lord!

2 C O R I N T H I A N S

1:9 sentence: Gr. answer.
1:11 persons: Gr. faces.
4:10 dying: Gr. putting to death.
5:7 sight: Gr. appearance.
5:19 committed to: or, placed in.
6:11 enlarged: Gr. broadened.
6:12 affections: Gr. bowels.
7:11 clearing: Gr. apology.
7:15 affection: Gr. bowels.
8:2 liberality: Gr. singleness.
8:24 Show: Gr. prove in yourselves.
9:5 bounty: Gr. blessing.
9:6 bountifully: Gr. with blessings.
9:11 liberality: Gr. singleness.
9:12 supplying: or furnishing.
9:13 liberality: Gr. singleness.
10:1 person: Gr. face.
10:7 appearance: Gr. face.
11:6 all things: or all.
11:25 been in: Gr. have made.
12:1 or, One needs to glory.
12:14 lay: Gr. treasure.
13:5 Test: elsewhere tempt, try.
13:11 farewell: Gr. rejoice.

G A L A T I A N S

2:6 or, what they once were.
2:15-16 by (four times): Gr. out of; also chapter 3 throughout in by faith.
3:1 set forth: or, described, portrayed.
4:3 rudiments: or elements.
4:4 born (twice): or become
4:14 rejected: or spat out.
4:28 as Isaac was: or as with Isaac.
5:4 severed: Gr. annulled.
6:10 opportunity: Gr. season.
6:14 which: or whom.
6:16 rule: elsewhere measuring rod.

E P H E S I A N S

1:15 among: or in. 2:3 lived: Gr. Behaved. 2:17 preached peace: Gr. evangelized with peace. 2:20 Christ . . . stone: or, its chief corner stone being Christ Jesus. 2:21 every: or a whole.
2:21 temple: or sanctuary.
3:2 dispensation: or stewardship.
3:8 preach to the nations: Gr. evangelize the nations with. 4:19 to a working of: or to a business of.
4:26 [UBM Note: This was probably meant to be a question since verse 31 plainly says to put away all anger.]
5:11 reprove: or convict.
5:13 reproved: or convicted.
6:3 long-lived: Gr. long-timed.
6:10 or, be made powerful.
6:19 utterance: elsewhere word, speech.

P H I L I P P I A N S

1:7 or, ye have me in your heart.
1:14 or, trusting my bonds.
1:22 this bring fruit: Gr. this is for me labor’s fruit.
1:27 let your manner of life: Gr. be citizens.
1:27 of your state: or, the things concerning you; also in 2:19 and 2:20.
2:17 offered: Gr. poured out as an offering.
2:25 messenger: Gr. apostle.
4:13 can do: Gr. am strong for.

C O L O S S I A N S

1:2 or, to those at Colossæ: holy and faithful.
1:25 dispensation: or stewardship.
2:2 of God, Christ: or, of Christ who is God.
2:18 by voluntary humility: or, willful in humility.
2:18 dwelling in: or, entering upon visions.
2:23 show: Gr. word, or (plausible) reason.
4:3 in bonds: Gr. bound.
4:14 [UBM Note: physician: Gr. iatros, meaning healer. Panin translated iatros as both healer and physician. For the sake of consistency, we would use healer throughout since it covers every application of the same Greek word. While neither Jesus nor Luke practiced medicine, the woman with the issue of blood probably went to someone who did. The Greek pharmakia (English: pharmacy) represented this form of healing and is always translated sorcery or sorceries.]

1 T H E S S A L O N I A N S

1:3 of: or in.
2:13 message: Gr. hearing.
2:17 presence: Gr. face.
4:6 forewarned: Gr. spake afore to.

2 T H E S S A L O N I A N S

2:13 belief: elsewhere faith.

H E B R E W S

1:3 image: or impress.
1:3 upholding: elsewhere bearing, or bringing.
1:3 high: Gr. plural.
2:7 a little: or, for a little.
2:10 bringing: or, having brought.
2:16 to angels . . . help: or, of angels he taketh hold.
3:3-4 built (three times): or constructed.
4:8 Joshua: Gr. Jesus.
5:12 or, that one teach you what are the elements.
6:5 tasted the goodness of God’s word.
6:18 encouragement: elsewhere comfort.
7:24 unchangeable: or intransmissible.
8:10 heart: or hearts; also 10:16.
9:4 altar of incense: or censer.
9:5 mercy-seat: Gr. propitiatory.
9:15 covenant: the Greek word is both covenant and testament.
10:39 Gr. we are not of shrinking back . . . but of faith.
11:10 builder: or architect.
11:28 instituted: Gr. hath made.
11:34 edge: Gr. mouth.
12:7 or, endure unto chastening.

1 T I M O T H Y
1:4 stewardship: or dispensation.

2 T I M O T H Y

2:17 eat: Gr. has pasture.
4:1 shall: or, about to.
4:3-4 ears: Gr. hearing.

T I T U S

2:1 sound: Gr. healthful.
2:15 authority: Gr. injunction.

P H I L E M O N
1:10 Onesimus: Gr. helpful, compare verse 20.
1:15 forever: elsewhere eternal. 1:20 heart: Gr. bowels.

R E V E L A T I O N

1:4 is to come: Gr. is the coming one.
1:4 before: Gr. which are before.
1:8 [UBM Note: Ōmega: Gr. Ω.]
1:10 Lord’s: Adjective.
3:4 white: plural.
3:8 set: Gr. given.
4:8 Living being is neuter in Greek, but having is masculine: but each one is again neuter.
6:8 death: or pestilence.
6:14 scroll: Gr. booklet, as in chapter 5.
6:15 chief captains: in Acts, colonels.
7:6 Naphtali’s: Gr. Nefthalim.
8:3 incense: Gr. plural.
8:3 add: Gr. give.
8:9 souls: Gr. lives, or souls.
11:2 leave: Gr. cast.
13:5 continue: Gr. to do (his works?); compare Daniel 11:28.
14:19 winepress is feminine: great is masculine.
15:2 by: or upon.
17:16 flesh: plural.
18:17 any whither: Gr. over a place.
18:22 noise: Gr. voice.
19:6 reigneth: Gr. past tense (aorist).
19:18 flesh (five times): Gr. plural.
19:18 captains: colonels elsewhere.
19:21 flesh: plural.
21:6 [UBM Note: Ōmega: Gr. Ω.]
21:14 had: Gr. having, masculine, though wall is neuter.
22:13 [UBM Note: Ōmega: Gr. Ω.]
22:18 to him: Gr. upon him.

1. PLACE VALUES, NUMERIC VALUES, AND VALUES

The Bible is written in Hebrew for the Old Testament and Greek for the New. These languages are the only ones known to the writer that have this peculiarity: All the letters of the alphabet are used also for numbers. The 24 Greek letters stand therefore for the following Numbers:

1 α for 1      13 ν for 50
2 β for 2      14 ξ for 60
3 γ for 3      15 ο for 70
4 δ for 4      16 π for 80
5 ε for 5       17 ρ for 100
6 ζ for 7       18 σ for 200
7 η for 8       19 τ for 300
8 θ for 9       20 υ for 400
9 ι for 10       21 ϕ for 500
10 κ for 20   22 χ for 600
11 λ for 30    23 ψ for 700
12 μ for 40   24 ω for 800

Thus the letters Ι, η, σ, ο, υ, ς have for their numeric values 10, 8, 200, 70, 400, 200. As their sum is 888, and they spell Jesus, the numeric value of the Greek for Jesus is 888. The sum of the numeric values of its letters is that of the word they make up. The sum of the numeric values of its words is that of the sentence, paragraph, section, or book formed by them.

In addition to its numeric value every Greek letter has also its Place Value, the place from 1 to 24 it holds in the alphabet; the first letter has thus a place value of 1; the second of 2; the last of 24. The place value of Jesus is thus the sum of the place values, 9, 7, 18, 15, 20, 18; or 87. The place value of a sentence, paragraph, section, or book is thus the place value of the sum of the words

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