I have not found any verses directly in favor of the deity of the Holy Spirit in the Bible. The only major explanation for this is the fact that it is said that blaspheming the Holy Spirit is a sin that cannot be forgiven. Luk 12:10 Everyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven, but the person who blasphemes against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven.
If the Church Fathers had considered the Holy Spirit as an independent God person in the Triune Godhead, why only in year 381 the Constantinople synod the Holy Spirit was raised as one of the triune God? Jesus Christ had, in turn, been raised to God a little earlier, at the 325 Synod in Nicaea.
What is the sin, a mockery, which is inexcusable? There are probably many interpretations, but not a clear explanation in the Bible. According to one interpretation, the mocking of the Holy Ghost is committed by the man who once has been in solid faith, but then renounces his faith. This is strongly supported by Luk verses 12:10 Everyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven, but the person who blasphemes against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven. Heb 6:5 who have tasted the goodness of God’s word and the powers of the coming age, 6 and who have fallen away, as long as they continue to crucify to themselves the Son of God and to expose him to public ridicule.
In these verses above, the blessed Gifts of the Holy Spirit are spoken. Particularly interesting is the reference to the forces of the future world, which I understand as referring to the rule of God’s reign together with other Saints.
The Bible, however, gives the impression that the Holy Spirit is a viable force transmitted by God Jehovah and Jesus. This is manifested in verse Jhn 14:26 But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and remind you of all that I have told you. – The Holy Spirit also has other attributes such as power: Acts 1:8: But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you, and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.
Apostle Peter urged his listeners to be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ to receive the gift of the Holy Spirit: Act 2:38: Peter said to them, Repent, and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. – It is noteworthy that the apostles baptized only in the name of Jesus Christ and not in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost. Receiving the Holy Spirit was also accompanied by a gift of speaking in tongues, Act 2:4 All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit gave them that ability.
Ephesians discloses yet another gift of the Holy Spirit, the seal of God; Eph 4:30 Do not grieve the Holy Spirit, by whom you were marked with a seal for the day of redemption. – In connection with salvation, the importance of God’s seal comes to light; it will save a person who has the seal of God during the tribulation.
It is important for a believer to know what 1 Cor 6:19 says “Or don’t you know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit which is in you, which you have from God? You are not your own,”
Jesus said in Jhn 10:30: I and the Father are one. (or a unity, one essence).a unity; or one essence unity; It should be noted that Jesus did not mention anything about the Holy Spirit belonging in this unity! This does not mean that Jesus is God together with the Father. Such an older translation ”Father and I are one” can lead to this conclusion even more easily.
The book of Revelation says that God has seven spirits: Rev 3:1 And to the angel of the assembly in Sardis write: He who has the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars says these things: I know your works, that you have a reputation of being alive, but you are dead. 4:5 Flashes of lightning, noises, and peals of thunder came from the throne. Burning in front of the throne were seven flaming torches, which are the seven spirits of God 5:6 I saw in the midst of the throne and of the four living creatures, and in the midst of the elders, a Lamb standing, as though it had been slain, having seven horns, and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God, sent out into all the earth. – Whether they are part of the Holy Spirit or separate spirits, I do not know, because the Bible does not tell any more.
Is the Holy Spirit a Person?
If the Holy Spirit were a separate person with God the Father, it would mean that God would not be the Father of Jesus, but the Holy Spirit, because the Holy Spirit conceived Jesus. The whole Bible testifies that Jesus is the Son of God. The Conception of Jesus by the Holy Spirit means that God the Father, sent the Holy Spirit to Mary to enable her to be conceived. This includes the idea that the Holy Spirit is subordinate to the Father. Otherwise, if the Holy Spirit is a separate person acting independently, Jesus would be the child of the Holy Spirit.
And what about the trinity of God, the three equal God persons, who together form our God? It would mean that Jesus was in heaven together with God the Father to send the Holy Spirit to earth to impregnate Mary and give birth to Himself.