articles of chapter 4

Exalting Jesus

Act 5:31 God has exalted to his right hand this very man as our Leader and Savior in order to give repentance and forgiveness of sins to Israel.

Phl 2:9 Therefore God also highly exalted him, and gave to him the name which is above every name;

Heb 5:5 So also Christ didn’t glorify himself to be made a high priest, but it was he who said to him, You are my Son. Today I have become your father. 6 As he also says in another place, You [Jesus] are a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek.

Eph 1:20 which he worked in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and made him to sit at his right hand in the heavenly places, 21 far above all rule, and authority, and power, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come. 22 He put all things in subjection under his feet, and gave him to be head over all things for the assembly. Heb 1:3 He is the reflection of God’s glory and the exact likeness of his being, and he holds everything together by his powerful word. After he had provided a cleansing from sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Highest Majesty.

When was Jesus exalted? It is answered in the Hebrew letter when the Bible says, “When he had made the purification of the sins” i.e. after being crucified and having redeemed people from the slavery of sin, Christ was exalted much higher than the angels and after sitting on the throne of God on his right hand.

Heb 1:4 having become so much better than the angels, as he has inherited a more excellent name than they have.

If, therefore, Jesus had been in heaven before coming to earth to perform God’s task, he did not outrank angels. Hebrews explicitly says “having become” (not being) angels so much higher …

The Bible clearly states that God raised Jesus above all in heaven and the earth. To what position did God exalt Jesus? General interpretation is that God Jehovah responds by saying this to Jesus Heb. 1:8: BUT OF THE SON HE SAYS, YOUR THRONE, O GOD, IS FOREVER AND EVER; THE SCEPTER OF UPRIGHTNESS IS THE SCEPTER OF YOUR KINGDOM.

Does God the Father call Jesus God as part of a triune God? Is the Father exalting Jesus above all creation at the same time exalting the Son to God?

1:8 but of the Son, Thy :throne, O :God, is unto the age of the age;
And the scepter of uprightness is scepter of his kingdom.
9 Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated lawlessness;
Therefore :God, thy :God, hath anointed thee
With oil of gladness above thy :fellows. (NENT)

Verse Heb 1: 8 is derived from psalm 45:7-8 which is a Hebrew marital song, but generally interpreted as messianic. Another interpretation of the phrase is that “Thy Throne of God,” i.e. “Your Divine Throne”; – This should not be interpreted vocatively so that the words would have been addressed directly to Christ, i.e. the throne of the Messiah for everlasting ages is God himself, so that where he reigns, there God himself is virtually ever present. The verse would mean, that the crown of the Messiah forever is God himself, where he rules, there God is practically always present. (Meyer’s NT Commentary)

Was Jesus exalted to God?

there is but one God, the Father, from whom are all things and we exist for him; and one Lord, Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we exist through Him. (1 Cor 8:6)

Jesus answered, the first commandment of all is, Hear, Israel: the Lord our God is one Lord; (Mar 12:29)

Jesus confirms the Jewish thousands of years old pillar of Jewish faith: God is one. Not the slightest reference to Jesus’ own deity or three divine members of the Godhead. In Corinthians, Apostle Paul confirms the words of Jesus: God the Father is our only God, but we have one Lord Jesus Christ.

Jhn 5:27 He also gave him authority to execute judgment, because he is a son of man. – Jesus Christ has received not only the eternal life of God, but also the absolute right to judge.

As we study Jesus’ exaltation, we must take a stand on the pre-existence of Jesus. It also determines the relationship with Jesus’ new position. There are two options:

A: Jesus has been in heaven from the beginning of time, i.e. he has pre-existed.

If we believe this, it means that God has created Jesus as his Son in heaven already at the beginning of time. He was rather a high-ranking angel than a modest “management trainee”. In other words, the question was sending the Son of God from heaven to redeem mankind. Jesus performed his mission and after resurrection ascended to heaven and the Father exalted him. He is now GOD.

Why is it not possible that Jesus was God when he was in heaven? For the simple reason that God cannot be exalted. Jesus must have been in a lower position than God that he has been able to be elevated. The Bible does not even say that he was human, so Jesus must have been an angel because there are no humans in heaven, anyway the Bible does not tell.

Jesus did not originally have eternal life because the Bible tells us that he had received it from the Father: “For just as the Father has life in himself, even so he gave to the Son also to have life in himself” (Jhn 5:26); – God has always had eternal life and it can not be given to him.

B. Jesus has not been in heaven i.e. he has no pre-existance.

The Holy Spirit of God made Virgin Mary pregnant and Jesus was born of the virgin Mary as a “normal” human, but God recognized him as his own Son. After completing the mission of God to him, he rose from the dead and ascended heaven. God gave him all the power in heaven and on earth.

There are no contradictions in the course of this version, but open questions remain. Did the Father appoint him to God or just Lord? The Bible does not speak about Trinity, but of each of the three persons separately. Jesus will return to earth and rule, together with the saints, the millennial kingdom. After the final judgment, Jesus relinquishes all power back to God, but from then on he acts forever as High Priest.

The title is “Was Jesus Raised to God”. On the basis of some Bible verse, this could be answered in the affirmative. Or is he just a Lesser god? If Jesus sits on the throne of God and has all the power of God, cannot it be inferred that he is also God? On the other hand, Jesus has received power from Father and will hand it away in a thousand years. Would God give away his power? The logical conclusion is that Jesus was not above the angels before the elevation, and in no way God. It is also clear that Jesus is omnipotent with regard to all creatures, but this omnipotence has been given to him by God. This means that Jesus has not always been omnipotent. When Jesus is to rule the earth with the saints, he is an indisputable King for a thousand years and when Jesus has submitted all nations under his power, he will surrender the power back to God. And what is the position of Jesus after that? He is the High Priest (after the Order of Melchizedek).

Jesus was on earth a man who lived a completely sinless life. He had the opportunity to fulfill God’s task assigned to him – to free mankind from the power of sin and death. Apostle Paul proves his humanity by saying 1 Tim 2:5,  For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus –

The Catholic Church has raised the Virgin Mary to the position of a second mediator to whom the Catholics pray, believing that she is in heaven to intermediate human prayers to God. Mary, however, is in the grave waiting for her turn to resurrect.

Jhn 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish, but have eternal life. – The sons of God (angels) are millions in heaven, but only Jesus is called the only Son of God. This happened for the first time when John had baptized Jesus in Jordan.

 

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