articles of chapter 6

Apostles’ Creed

The Apostles’ Creed was born in the first or second century and is, therefore, the oldest creed. I personally accept it as it depicts the faith of the apostolic time, the kind of faith that Jesus conveyed to His disciples and these again to the whole world in the New Testament.

There are several versions of the Apostles’ Creed. English versions are the following:

Ecumenical version, Roman Catholic Church -version, Church of England -version, Evangelical Lutheran Worship -version, United Methodist Church -version.

Apostles’ Creed:

Evangelical Lutheran Worship

I believe in God, the Father Almighty,

Maker of heaven and earth.

The Evangelical Lutheran Church also sees here the triune God and says, “It expresses faith in the triune God.” On this particular point, I disagree. God the Father states that he is the Almighty Creator of Heaven and Earth. God the Father is. Many churches interpret the Bible so that Jesus has created the world, or at least has been involved in creation with God Jehovah.

And in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord,

Then it is rightly said that Jesus is the Christ, the only Son of God, our Lord. It does not say that Jesus is the Almighty God. He is the only begotten Son of God. However, not the begotten God as Jhn 1:18 is somewhere translated. God has many sons, people can be sons of God or children of God. Humans and angels, who are the sons of God, are created beings, but Jesus is the only one born of God. It is further stated that Jesus is our Lord. The Bible says here that God has made Jesus Lord; Act 2:36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know for certain that God has made him both Lord and Christ—this Jesus whom you crucified.”

who was conceived by the Holy Spirit,

born of the virgin Mary,

suffered under Pontius Pilate,

was crucified, died and was buried.

He descended into Hell.

Today, Bible translations use the Greek word Hades instead of the word Hell, because Hell is understood as the place of execution of the final judgment in which sinners are tortured forever in a burning lake.

On the third day he rose again from the dead.

The Bible uses the expression ‘on the third day’ and on the other hand Jesus was dead for ‘three days and three nights’.

He ascended into heaven

and sits at the right hand of God the Father Almighty.

From thence he will come to judge the living and the dead.

I believe in the Holy Spirit,

the holy Christian Church,

the communion of saints,

the forgiveness of sins,

the resurrection of the body,

and the life everlasting. Amen.

Some decades after the Catholic synod in the third century had raised Jesus to the equal position with God the Father, the Holy Spirit was noted to be part of the triune God. In any case, the Holy Spirit is the power of God sent by the Father or the Son.

The church of Christ is one, though there are countless small local units. In Revelation Jesus through John describes various churches during the apostolic times. These congregations also describe the latter-day parishes; today we live in the Laodicean Church where people are not cold nor not hot but they believe they are rich, even if they need, in Jesus’ words “eye salve to anoint your eyes so that you may see”. (Rev 3:18)

The saints constitute a community that, together with Jesus, govern the kingdom of God, which is everlasting. The saints are the first to receive the resurrection and they are like angels, spirit beings. After the first resurrection, when a thousand years have elapsed, the last resurrection and the last judgment will take place. Although in the Creed, we speak of the resurrection of the body, however, the bodies rise in the spiritual body. The spirits of dead have been raised to God in heaven and, in my view, these spirits that are in heaven (Ecc 12:7) rise up.

In the first resurrection, the saints have received immortality, and others receive it in the last judgment, or be lost. Finally, “God may be all in all.” (1 Cor 15:28)

 

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